How Your Child’s Intelligence Quotient (IQ) Affects His or Her Education
The Intellect Quotient, sometimes known as IQ, is a standardized exam that is used to estimate a person’s relative level of intelligence. Alfred Binet and Théodore Simon developed the first IQ test in 1905 with the purpose of identifying which students in French schools were considered “too sluggish” to benefit from regular teaching.
When Jean Binet observed that children had a growing capacity to understand complex concepts and carry out challenging activities as they became older, he came up with the notion of mental age to describe this development. Although the majority of children achieve the same degree of complexity at around the same age, there are always going to be children who take longer to get there. A child’s mental age is considered to be three when they are six years old but have the capabilities of a three-year-old.
Mental Quotient vs. Intelligence Quotient
Wilhelm Stern, a German psychologist, is the one who came up with the concept of a “mental quotient” for the first time. In order to calculate a “Mental Quotient,” he used the work of Binet and divided the mental age by the chronological age of the subject. A child of six years old who is only capable of the same things as a child of three years old is capable of has a mental quotient of 0.5 or 12. (three divided by six).
The IQ test is now widely used as a standard instrument for categorizing people based on normative scoring. Stern and Terman were the researchers who devised the measures used in the exam. The following is a rundown of how the scoring works:
Mental Age/Chronological Age x 100 = Intelligence Quotient
The child, who is 6 years old and has a mental capacity of 0.5 has an intelligence quotient of 50.
The majority of persons have an intelligence level that ranges from 85 to 115.1
It is essential that you be aware that the Stanford-Binet exam, despite the fact that it is still used today, is no longer the only (or even the most popular) IQ test available. The Wechsler exams are now the ones that are used most often in the United States.
In addition, while traditional IQ tests may be helpful, it’s possible that they don’t provide an entirely accurate reading when used to evaluate a person’s intellect when they have developmental delays or cognitive impairments.
What Do People Do With Their IQ Scores?
IQ tests are now routinely administered in schools to assist educators in determining the nature of the academic support services that students need while they are enrolled there. Children who have an IQ score of 70 or below are eligible to receive special educational provisions in school. 3 That is two standard deviations below the average value of 100, which represents the center.
IQ test for special accommodations
The IQ test is not the only factor that should be considered when deciding whether or not an individual needs special accommodations. If a child has a learning impairment such as dyslexia, they may be eligible for special accommodations even if they have a score greater than 70 on the standardized test.
Children who are considered to be twice exceptional may, nevertheless, have discovered methods to compensate for their impairment. They are considered to be ordinary pupils despite the possibility that they might not excel academically. As a consequence of this, one’s giftedness may mask a handicap, and one’s disability might mask one’s giftedness. In the end, they did not get any accommodations for any of their exceptionalities.
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