Dizziness before menstruation is unusual, and various mechanisms may raise a person’s chances of developing it. High progesterone levels, some medical issues, and premenstrual dysphoric disorder are among them.
It’s normal to feel a bit light-headed during your period in most circumstances, but it might be an indication of something more serious. The following are the three most common causes of this symptom:
- Cramping discomfort
- Hormones activity called prostaglandins.
We’ll go further into these factors and show you how to deal with dizziness during your period.
1- A Heavy Flow
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, if a lot of blood follows your dizziness, you may have menorrhagia. Heavy menstrual bleeding is how physicians refer to it.
Look for the following signs and symptoms:
- Your menstruation is more than seven days long.
- In less than two hours, you’ve gone through one or more tampons or pads.
- Blood clots the size of coins move through your system.
Menorrhagia is a very common condition. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, around 33% of vaginal owners seek treatment for these symptoms at some time during their life.
It can be caused by fibroids, bleeding diseases such as von Willebrand disease, endometriosis, adenomyosis, hormonal imbalances such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and hypothyroidism, or cancer, among other things. Your IUD could also cause it.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a frequent condition that begins five (or more) days before your menstruation. Hormones are considered to be responsible for PMS symptoms.
According to research, while few studies on dizziness with PMS, lightheadedness caused by changes in estrogen levels is a frequent PMS symptom.
3- Vestibular System Issues
The vestibular system is a part of the inner ear that enables individuals to feel balanced, move freely, and know where they are in space. Vestibular diseases impact the inner ear and can induce nausea, dizziness, and even difficulty walking.
According to a small amount of evidence, some patients with vestibular problems have more severe symptoms before their period.
Ménière’s illness is a relatively common vestibular disorder.
4- Blood Pressure Shifts
Dizziness is often caused by high blood pressure. According to research, progesterone, which increases in the second part of the menstrual cycle before a period, may affect blood pressure.
The alteration is linked to PMS; therefore, those with PMS symptoms are more likely to experience a rise in blood pressure before their period.
In a 2016 study, persons with severe PMS had diastolic blood pressure (the lower number) at 3.2 points higher in the second part of their menstrual cycle.
Estrogen and progesterone levels rise considerably throughout the first trimester of pregnancy. Blood arteries relax and open as a result of the hormonal change, lowering blood pressure. Dizziness, lightheadedness, and other problems might happen as a result of blood pressure changes like these and other vascular symptoms.
When women of reproductive age experience blood loss during their periods, iron deficiency anemia usually occurs. Low iron levels produce a reduction in red blood cell formation, which results in poor oxygen circulation.
The most unpleasant aspect of menstruation is also the source of dizziness. Menstrual cramps can be moderate to severe, and You may become lightheaded if the pain becomes so powerful that you cannot move.
8- Period-Related Migraine
Hormones are responsible for roughly 60% of women suffering from migraines during their periods. Estrogen fluctuation can cause a migraine episode, which may be accompanied by light-headedness.
9- Low Blood Pressure
Lightheadedness or dizziness can arise as a result of low blood pressure. Many of the human body’s sex hormones have a regulatory function on blood pressure.
An extreme form of PMS, PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder), is more severe. People with PMDD have a variety of daily symptoms that may require psychological and pharmacological treatment.
Dizziness can be caused by vascular changes that occur before your period, worsening if you have PMDD.
Medical therapies may include the following, depending on the underlying cause:
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), particularly if cramps, prostaglandins, period-related migraines, or PMDD are the reason you feel dizzy
- iron supplements, especially for anemia
- Probiotic supplements for women, this helps with healthy vaginal pH, proper digestion, and avoiding bacterial vaginosis
- clotting medications like Decompressing nasal spray
- metformin for PCOS or diabetes
- surgery for things like endometriosis or fibroids
- physical therapy
Nothing can reduce many of the symptoms of these diseases by making lifestyle changes. If you’re having additional troubling symptoms or your dizziness is interfering with your everyday activities, see a doctor for an official diagnosis and treatment.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1- How to stop dizziness before period?
You might be able to alleviate your symptoms by making adjustments to your lifestyle, such as:
- drinking plenty of water.
- Getting enough sleep.
- Regular exercise.
- Eating a balanced diet.
2- Why do you feel weak and shaky before period?
Your hormones can affect your blood sugar levels. While your blood sugar is typically raised before and during your period, fluctuating hormones can cause hypoglycemia for some people. This is because estrogen can make you more sensitive to insulin, lowering your blood sugar.
3- Is dizziness an early pregnancy symptom?
Headaches and feelings of lightheadedness and dizziness are common during early pregnancy. This happens because of both the hormonal changes in your body and your increasing blood volume.